A. We are learning PL statement for two reasons:
1. Professional accounting
2. Evaluation of companies to select share
IT IS ALSO CALLED INCOME EXPENSE STATEMENT
A. The formula is “Revenue-Expenses= Income”
PL statement start with revenue which is called “Top line”
Although everything in PL statement is important some of most important numbers in PL statement are.
2. Operating profit
4. Interest paid
6. Net profit
7. Dividend paid.
TDS of MPTDS formula comes from PL statements
A. Market cap = No. of shares x price .
PE ratio = Price /EPS
PE Ratio x EPS = Price
Market cap= PE Ratio x EPS x No of shares.
Purely mathematical equations
A. Hospital construction cost is CAPITAL EXPENDITURE. (CAPEX)
Capital expenditure is capitalized over many years (8-12) and cost is shown as
DEPRECIATION in profit loss statement
A. Expenses are of TWO types
A. Capital Expenditure: Consumed over many years.. Eg. building, machines, car
B. Revenue Expenditure: Consumed within a year- Food, light bill, medicines, books etc…
Profit making company price goes on increasing. Some time price go very high then it corrects but never goes below certain PE.
e.g. Reliance EPS is 50.
It will never go below Rs 600
At PE 12 people would buy
A. PL statement is income and expense statement of certain DURATION..e.g. Year
BL sheet is statement of Asset , Equity and Liability on particular DATE..e..g . 31 March
YES. If income is NON Taxable e.g. DIVIDEND or Agriculture income then NO Tax is paid.
If there is Carry forwarded loss then its set off and No tax is payable.
A. EBIDITA is operating profit. It is useful to determine whether the business activity is making profit or not.
PBT is the Profit before payment of the tax.
PAT is Net profit left after spending and tax